During the years between 1904 and World War I, many of the families who had purchased land in the East Indiantown area sold the property. Most of the occupants lost their places on mortgages or sold them and moved back to the old reservation until Chief Phineas Pamptopee and his family were the only ones remaining.

The settlement again became primarily focused on the original Pine Creek 120 acres; however, as late as 1923, an article in the Battle Creek, Michigan, Enquirer & News, mentioned not only the Pine Creek reservation but also the existence of a “New Indiantown, about two miles from the old settlement.”

The article described the reservation, with its cemetery, traditional occupations of fishing and trapping, making of baskets (“almost every week the women take quantities of them to Battle Creek, where they can readily dispose of them”) and clothes hampers, dugout canoes on Pine Creek, and mentioned that “conversation among themselves is carried on entirely in their native tongue.”

The article also discussed the Indians’ complaint that they were being prevented in participating in treaty-reserved rights to hunt wild game without hindrance, and this became a long-term grievance of the Pine Creek residents.


Rodwan, John, and Virginia Anewishki. Nottawaseppi Huron Band of the Potawatomi, A People in Progress. Pine Creek Reservation, 2009.

United States, Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs Branch of Acknowledgement and Research, et al. “Summary Under the Criteria and Evidence for Proposed Finding Huron Potawatomi, Inc.” HPI-V001-D004, https://www.bia.gov/sites/bia.gov/files/assets/as-ia/ofa/petition/009_hurpot_MI/009_pf.pdf.