Unfortunately, the Nottawaseppi Reservation was a momentary home in Michigan. In the 1833 Treaty of Chicago, signed September 26, 1833, the Potawatomi (including the Nottawaseppi Huron Band) ceded the Nottawaseppi Reservation and other lands located in Michigan to the United States. The treaty required the Potawatomi to remove west to new reservations in the Kansas Territory. U.S. Government ordered an involuntary removal of nearly every band of Potawatomi to Kansas by 1838.

Many Nottawaseppi Huron Potawatomi sought to avoid removal by fleeing to Potawatomi lands outside the reach of the United States army (i.e. Walpole Island located in what is now Canada) to lands still controlled by Ottawa/Odawa kin north of the Grand River or protected Mission Communities in what is now Bradley and Holland, Michigan.

Between 1833 and 1840, the ancestors of today’s Nottawaseppi Huron Band of the Potawatomi (NHBP) continued to reside on the extinguished Nottawaseppi Reserve and other lands ceded in the 1821 and 1807 Treaties. By this time, their traditional means of providing for their families had suffered greatly and the band was in a dramatically-weakened state. To make matters worse, the Tribe suffered greatly during the winter of 1839-1840 because the government intentionally limited assistance and provisions in an effort to make removal to Kansas more achievable.


Rodwan, John, and Virginia Anewishki. Nottawaseppi Huron Band of the Potawatomi, A People in Progress. Pine Creek Reservation, 2009.