During the last two decades of the nineteenth century, Phineas Pamptopee, the chief of the NHBP, was active in prosecuting claims activity, as regularly noted in the “Indiantown Inklings” newspaper articles.  These claims involved lawsuits against the federal government for its failure in honoring financial obligations to tribes under various treaties, most of which involved the cession of lands by the tribe. The lawsuit organized by Phineas Pamptopee was successful and resulted in a financial award to certain Potawatomi bands, including the Nottawaseppi Huron Band.  In order to distribute this payment to eligible Potawatomi, a census roll was prepared, which became known as the 1904 Taggart Roll.

In 1899, the court held that since the Huron Potawatomi had been named on annuity rolls from 1843 and 1844, and since the members of the Pine Creek settlement (and other Huron Potawatomi people residing in Michigan) were direct descendants of people named on those rolls, the NHBP was entitled to payment.

In 1904, Special Indian Agent Samuel L. Taggart traveled to many places, including Coldwater, Michigan, to prepare the payment roll. The funds were distributed to 267 persons on the “Taggart Roll,” which was approved by the Secretary of the Interior on November 11, 1904.

This Taggart Roll is considered the “base roll” for the Nottawaseppi Huron Band of the Potawatomi’s present Tribal membership; present members must show that they descend from persons listed on the Taggart Roll.

References:

United States, Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs Branch of Acknowledgement and Research, et al. “Summary Under the Criteria and Evidence for Proposed Finding Huron Potawatomi, Inc.” HPI-V001-D004, https://www.bia.gov/sites/bia.gov/files/assets/as-ia/ofa/petition/009_hurpot_MI/009_pf.pdf.